, , . , : , , , , . . . . . 18 - 19 . , (" ", 1779; . .. ; " ", 1818, .). 80- . 19 . . .. , .. , .. . . .. . 19 . ( ) . ( "" .. , .. "" .. ). - " " , . , . 1918 .. . .. 1918 , . .: - . .. (1918), - - (1919), () - (1920). 1920 ( 1936 , ; 1993 . , ). ("" . , "" .. , .. , .. .). .. " " (" ", 1920, 52) , , . 1921 . (.. "-"). 1922 .. .. ( 1925 1- ). , .. "-". 1921 , , , - . .. , .. , .. , .. , .. . 1936-45 .. . 1927 (). , , . 1934 .. .. , 1936 - . 20-30- . . .. , .. , .. . , " " "-". : - "" . (1946) " " . (1948) .. , - " " .. (1944; .. ), " " (1949; .. .. ), " " .. "̸ " .. ( - 1951, .. ). 2- 50- . .. - .. , .. , .. . " !" (1954) .. " , !" (1959), . ( 1941 ), .. , .. , .. , .. . 1987 .. , " " .. " " .. . 90- . : , . , "" . " " . ( .. ), " """ .. .. (.. ), " " .- (.. ), "" (.. ) . , . , , . , . . , . . . 20- . (), . , , , . - .

: 2049
: » » - , , 2005-2007 .




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