, . 2- 18 . , , . 80- . 18 . " " ( " ") .. 1785. . 1789 1801 . 19 . " " (1807-15; 1813 " ") .. " " (1809) .. . 1813 .- " ", " " (, 1815-19 1821-29; ). 19 . . 20- . . , " " .. " " (., 1821-24), .-. .. , . .. - " " (, 1835- 1838, .. , .. , .. .), . .. .. " " (, 1826-28), - , . " - " (, 1836-63). : "" (, 1842-63) "" (, 1850-60), .. . " " (., 1847-49) " " (1843-46) .. (.. , ). . - " " (, 1851-63) .. .. . 2- 19 . . : " " (, 1856-57), " " (, 1858-61) .. "" (, 1858-62) - .. , " " (., 1859-60) . , "" (, 1859- 1862) .. . 60- . . .. " " . " " (, 1864-66) .. .. . , .. , - " " (, 1869-93; ., 1894-1906, 1906-18 " ") - . .. , .. , .. , .. , .. -, .. , .. . 70- - 80- . : " " (, 1877-1918, ), "" (, 1882-1917; .. , .. ), "" (, 1880-1912, ), " " (., 1881-1907), " " (1892-1906). 19 . .- "" (1896-1917), .-. .. -, " " (1899-1906; , 1917), .-. .. . 20 . . Ը- "" (., 1902-20), " " (, 1904-18), " " (., 1905-08) .. - " " (., 1902-07, ), "" (., 1906-07), " " (, 1907- 1917), .-. .. , "" (., 1909-18) .. -. - - " " ( ) "Ǹ ; " (1903-17). 20 . : " " (., 1908), " " (, 1908) " " (., 1910), " " (1910-15). . 20 . 1917 . 300 . . . 1917 . . " " (., 1919), , - . " " (., 1919- 1920), . , - , . (" ", , 1917; " ", , 1919; "-", , 1920, .) . " " .. , " " ( 1928 ). 1922 . 1925 . " ", , , . , . . - , .. : , . 80- . . ( .. "", 1924) "" ( 1936). - . : " " ( 1924, 1926 " "), "" (1928-35) "" (1930-41). . . .. , , . , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. . "", "" ("", 1924; " ", 1956; "", "", 1969), (" ", 1928-41 1956; " ", 1936-41 1978; "-", 1966; "", 1970 - ). - : - "" ( 1969) - "" ( 1955), " " (1922-41 1956), - " " ( 1927, 1860), " - " ( 1926-41 1946), " - " ( 1933), "" ( 1924) " " ( 1925). 90- . . 80- . . . , , . . .

: 3756
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