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[1] , , : , , , , , , , , . , , , . , , , , , . . , , , , . .... . , (-: , 2004) 36.

[2] , , Wissenschaft des Judentums, , , , . , , , . H. Graetz, History of the Jews (6 vols.; Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1894) 3.153.

[3] G. Scholem, Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism (New York: Schocken, 1941); idem, Jewish Gnosticism, Merkabah Mysticism, and Talmudic Tradition (New York: The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, [1960] 1965); idem, On the Kabbalah and Its Symbolism (New York: Schocken Books, 1969); idem, Kabbalah (New York: Dorset Press, 1987); idem, Origins of the Kabbalah (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990). : F. Scholem and B. Yaron, Bibliography of the Published Writings of Gershom G. Scholem, in Studies in Mysticism and Religion Presented to Gershom Scholem on his Seventieth Birthday (Jerusalem: Magnes, 1967) 199-235; M. Catane, Bibliography of the Writings of Gershom G. Scholem presented to Gershom G. Scholem on the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday (Jerusalem: Magnes, 1977).

[4] J. Dan, Gershom Scholem and the Mystical Dimension of Jewish History (New York: New York University Press, 1987) 2-3.

[5] () . P. Schafer, with M. Schluter and H. G. von Mutius, Synopse zur Hekhalot-Literatur (TSAJ, 2; Tubingen: Mohr/Siebeck, 1981); P. Schafer et al., Ubersetzung der Hekhalot-Literatur (4 vols.; TSAJ, 17, 22, 29, 46; Tubingen: Mohr/Siebeck, 1987-95).

[6] , , 79.

[7] , , 19.

[8] , , 82.

[9] , , , 4 , , , , , .

[10] , . : ... - , . 4- , , , . , , ; , . , , 75.

[11] , , , , , , .

[12] P. Schafer, Prolegomena zu einer kritischen Edition und Analyse der Merkava Rabba, FJB 5 (1911) 65-99; idem, Die Beschworung des sar ha-panim, Kritische Edition und Ubersetzung, FJB 6 (1918) 101-45; idem, Aufbau und redaktionelle Identitat der Hekhalot Zutarti, JJS 33 (1982) 569-82; idem, Tradition and Redaction in Hekhalot Literature, JSJ 14 (1983) 112-81; idem, Engel und Menschen in der Hekhalot- Literatur, in: P. Schafer, Hekhalot-Studien (TSAJ, 19; Tubingen: Mohr/Siebeck, 1988) 250-16, esp. 258, 264-65; idem, The Aim and Purpose of Early Jewish Mysticism. Gershom Scholem Reconsidered, in: Hekhalot-Studien, 211-95; idem, The Hidden and Manifest God: Some Major Themes in Early Jewish Mysticism (Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1992) 150-55.

[13] D. J. Halperin, The Merkabah in Rabbinic Literature (New Haven: American Oriental Society, 1980); idem, A New Edition of the Hekhalot Literature, JAOS 104.3 (1984) 543-552; idem, The Faces of the Chariot: Early Jewish Responses to Ezekiels Vision (Tubingen: Mohr/Siebeck, 1988) 359-63.

[14] P. Alexander, The Historical Setting of the Hebrew Book of Enoch, JJS 28 (1911) 113-80; M. Himmelfarb, Ascent to Heaven in Jewish and Christian Apocalypses (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993) 106-14; idem, The Experience of the Visionary and the Genre in the Ascension of Isaiah 6-11 and the Apocalypse of Paul, Semeia 36 (1986) 91-111; idem, The Practice of Ascent in the Ancient Mediterranean World, in: Death, Ecstasy, and Other Worldly Journeys (ed. J. J. Collins and M. Fishbane; Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1995) 123-31, esp. 126-28; M. D. Swartz, Scholastic Magic: Ritual and Revelation in Early Jewish Mysticism (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996) 29; 153-51; 110-12; 210-12.

[15] J. Maier, Vom Kultus zur Gnosis (Kairos 1; Salzburg: Muller, 1964) 128-146.

[16] E. E. Urbach, The Traditions about Merkavah Mysticism in the Tannaitic Period, in: Studies in Mysticism and Religion Presented to Gershom G. Scholem on His Seventieth Birthday by Pupils, Colleagues and Friends (ed. E.E. Urbach et al; Jerusalem: Magnes, 1967) 1-28 [in Hebrew].

[17] Halperin, The Merkabah in Rabbinic Literature, 182.

[18] Schafer, The Hidden and Manifest God, 155.

[19] Schafer, Gershom Scholem Reconsidered, 6.

[20] Schafer, Gershom Scholem Reconsidered, 6.

[21] Schafer, The Hidden and Manifest God, 152.

[22] ... , , I . . - I . . . , , 77.

[23] .

[24] - , . : . , , , , .... , , , , . . , , 104-105.

[25] , . , , , . , , ( ) - .... , . XII , - , . , , , . , , , . , , 106.

[26] . P. Alexander, 3 (Hebrew Apocalypse of) Enoch, The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha (2 vols.; ed. J. H. Charlesworth; New York: Doubleday, 1985 [1983]) 1.241-248; idem, From Son of Adam to a Second God: Transformation of the Biblical Enoch, Biblical Figures Outside the Bible (ed. M. E. Stone and T. A. Bergen; Harrisburg: Trinity Press International, 1998) 102-111; C. Bottrich, Weltweisheit, Menschheitsethik, Urkult: Studien zum slavischen Henochbuch (WUNT, 2/50; Tubingen: Mohr/Siebeck, 1992) 109-114; idem, Beobachtungen zum Midrash vom Leben Henochs, Mitteilungen undBeitrage der Forschungsstelle Judentum an der Theologischen Fakultat Leipzig 10 (1996) 44-83; A. De Conick, Seek to See Him: Ascent and Vision Mysticism in the Gospel of Thomas (SVC, 33; Leiden: Brill, 1996); M. Himmelfarb, Revelation and Rapture: The Transformation of the Visionary in the Ascent Apocalypses, Mysteries and Revelations; Apocalyptic Studies since the Uppsala Colloquium (eds. J. J. Collins and J. H. Charlesworth; JSPSup., 9; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1991) 19-90; L. Ginzberg, The Legends of the Jews (1 vols.; Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1955) 5.161-64; I. Gruenwald, Apocalyptic andMerkavah Mysticism (AGJU, 14; Leiden: Brill, 1980) 50-51; J. Fossum, The Name of God and the Angel of the Lord: Samaritan and Jewish Concepts ofIntermediation and the Origin of Gnosticism (WUNT 36; Tubingen: Mohr/Siebeck, 1985); idem, Colossians 1,15-18a in the Light of Jewish Mysticism and Gnosticism, NTS 35 (1989) 183-201; idem, The Image of the Invisible God. Essays on the Influence of Jewish Mysticism on Early Christology (NTOA, 30; Fribourg: Universitatsverlag Freiburg Schweiz; Gottingen: Vanderhoeck & Ruprecht, 1995); M. Idel, Enoch is Metatron, Immanuel 24/25 (1990) 220-240; J. Kugel, The Ladder of Jacob, HTR 88 (1995) 209-21; H. Odeberg, 3 Enoch or the Hebrew Book of Enoch (New York: KTAV, 1913) 52-63; W. O. E. Oesterley and G. H. Box, A Short Survey of the Literature of Rabbinic and Mediaeval Judaism (New York: Macmillan, 1920) 236; M. Philonenko, La cosmogonie du Livre des secrets dHenoch, Religions en Egypte: Hellenistique et romaine (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1969) 109-16; Scholem, Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism; idem, Origins of the Kabbalah; idem, Jewish Gnosticism, Merkabah Mysticism, and Talmudic Tradition; idem, On the Mystical Shape of the Godhead: Basic Concepts in the Kabbalah (New York: Schocken, 1991).

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